Belt wrestling "Koresh", along with the customs, rituals and traditions of the Tatar people is a significant part of national culture of peoples of the Volga, Urals and other regions of Russia, CIS and nearest foreign countries. It is the national sport, has a long history and, being one of the most common kind of belt wrestling, was developed and perfected over the centuries. Lot of national wrestlings of many nations are very similar to Tatar wrestling "Koresh. " "Koresh" - a particle of the ethnic factor, which brings these people into one common family. During the further development of this kind of sport wrestling and improving the competition rules it is necessary to preserve original and effective holds, which are forming the basis of this kind of combat, and traditions of wrestling.
In the development of the wrestling "Koresh" a Sabantuy national holiday, the celebrating the culmination of spring field work, played an important role. Thanks to its extraordinary popularity and entertainment the wrestling "Koresh" has been remained the heart of this holiday at all times. The wrestling, being a competition in strength, agility and endurance, in which the main purpose of a wrestler - to put a rival on his back using a hold with a clear him off the ground, has always honored and glorified by people.
This kind of sport in recent years has received a great development, technology and tactics have been increased. The main goal of the rules is to maximum promote wrestling, introduce an active, lively and entertaining bout, achieve a common interpretation of the wrestling, the detailed accounting and accurate assessment of each technical action of wrestler.
The purpose of this guide is to improve and clarify existing rules of wrestling "Koresh", to compose systematical uniform rules that meet modern requirements.
The national traditions and the basic principles of international competition rules for other types of combat are taken into account in compiling this guide, the basic concepts and terms that give a clear idea of the modern Tatar belt wrestling "Koresh" are presented , and it contains all the necessary information to organize and conduct competitions.
- I. Basic concepts and terms of the Tatar belt wrestling «Koresh»
Concepts and terms used in sport provide a clear understanding of each situation and free from the need to describe it.
I.1. The tatar belt wrestling «Koresh» is a kind of the sporting single combat in which the aim of the wrestlers is to throw a rival on his back using any allowed hold after taking the position of a stand.
A hold is a purposeful attacking action of a wrestler, after which the opponent is in a certain position on the mat.
I.2. In the wrestling "Koresh" a throw means a wrestler action from the position on the legs, during which rival comes off the mat and then as a result of this action is in a certain position on the mat. For example, throws by leaning over the chest in different variants (including a case when a wrestler takes a step behind the left or the right foot of a rival), throws over the back.
I.3. Holds carried out without tearing a rival off the mat ( a stall, a knocking down) are not estimated. In the wrestling "Koresh" the stall and the knocking down refers to the wrestler's activities from the position on the feet, during which the rival is not tearing off the mat and is in a certain position on the mat except on the legs.
I.4. A grasp: the rivals are facing each other with a wound on the wrist of his right hand belts, leaving a short piece of the belt under the long one, and clasping the last by fingers. Then the longest part of the belt is thrown on the loin of a rival under his opposite hand and grasped by another hand put on the opposite hand of the rival. If the wrestler pulls the belt on his left hand, then the longest part of the belt is thrown on the loin of a rival over rival’s right hand and grasped by right hand pushed under the rival’s left hand. And the length of the belt between the fists should be such that their fists appeared to be on the back of the rival.
I.4.1. A grasp with tied belts: the rivals are facing each other with tied at the loin belts. After the grasp a distance between fists should be such that the fists were on the back of a rival.
I.4.2. A short grasp is the grasp in which the wrestler`s hands have to touch each other on a rival`s back.
I.5. A stand (starting position): the rivals standing on their feet after the grasp lean forward putting their heads on the right shoulders of each other.
I.6. A hooking: a prohibited action when a wrestler, being separated from the mat hooks rival’s legs trying to carry out some action or preventing a rival from performing the begun action.
I.7. The positions of wrestler:
I.7.1. on feet - the position when he touches the mat with feet only (standing on his feet);
I.7.2. on knees - a position in which a wrestler touches the mat with both knees;
I.7.3. on all fours - a position in which a wrestler touches the mat with both knees and both hands;
I.7.4. on stomach - a position in which a wrestler is on his stomach;
I.7.5. on side - a position in which a wrestler touches the mat sideways, shoulder or one shoulder blade;
I.7.6. on buttocks - a position in which a wrestler touches the mat with one or both buttocks;
I.7.7. on bridge - the position when the wrestler sagging by his back to the mat digs by feet and head in the mat;
I.7.8. out of the mat - a position in which one or both wrestlers are outside the working area of the mat.